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TỔNG HỢP CÁC ĐỀ THI PROCESS ĐÃ RA TỪ ĐẦU NĂM 2019 ĐẾN NAY
The diagrams illustrate the process of building an igloo
- Paraphrase paragraph: diagrams>pictures; illustrate>show; process>different steps involved; building>constructing
- Overall/summary paragraph: number of stages (13); mention the first and last steps
- Paragraph 3: describe steps 1-7: making the shape using snow
- Paragraph 4: describe steps 8-13: the steps to finish the construction
The pictures show the different steps involved in constructing an igloo.
Overall, there are 13 stages, from finding hard-packed snow to cutting ventilation holes in the wall and roof of the finished igloo.
Using a snow saw, blocks are cut in hard-packed snow. Large blocks are used for the base. Next, the edges of the blocks are smoothed and placed to form a circle. Then, an entrance is made by digging a hole under the circular wall. The last opening on the top is filled by a large block, carefully cut to the exact size.
After that, snow is thrown on the igloo and packed into all the crevices or gaps. Inside the igloo, the walls are smoothed by hand. Next, the entrance is built and the hole is covered with snow blocks.
Finally, ventilation holes which allow air to enter are cut in the walls and roof, and the igloo is finished.
153 words.The diagram shows the small-scale production of smoked fish
Pls delete 2 mistakes in the diagram. The words ‘small scope about the production of smoking fish’ and ‘smudging’ are incorrect in this context. You can simply delete them.
In the process of smoking in the vat, the fish are hung on wires to ‘smoke’. This is not clear in the diagram, but this is the process that is carried out.
- Summary/Overview paragraph: (1) there are 8 stages (2) name the first stage and the last stage
- Paragraph 3 (before smoking) – cleaning, placing in salt water, cooking for 5 minutes
- Paragraph 4 (smoking process) – smoking, add colouring, pack in boxes, transportation.
The flow-chart illustrates the different stages in the small-scale process of smoking fish.
Overall, it is clear that the process has 8 stages, beginning with the preparation of the fish and ending with the delivery of the finished product.
First, the fish are cleaned with a knife and prepared ready for the production process, before being placed in a container of salt water for 30 minutes. Next, they are cooked for 5 minutes in hot salted water, and the fish are then removed.
The process of smoking is now ready to start. In a vat, the fish are hung by wires on top of some material which burns and produces smoke. The vat is covered with wood, so that the smoke cannot escape. After 30 minutes, the fish are smoked and ready for the next stage, which is the addition of yellow colouring. The smoked fish are then packed in closed containers and, finally, transported in trucks to where they will be sold.
- Paraphrase paragraph: diagram>flow-chart; production of smoked fish>process of smoking fish
The diagram below shows the development of cutting tools in the Stone Age. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
•Paraphrase paragraph: shows>illustrates; tools>instruments; develop>evolve •Summary/overview paragraph: (1) Tool B sharper and more regular in shape (2) over the period, the cutting tool became bigger and better
•Paragraph 3: compare the tools (front view) – rough and smooth edges, effectiveness for cutting
•Paragraph 4: compare the tools (side and back views) – Tool B flat with sharp edges. Tool A is also smaller.
The diagram illustrates how the cutting instruments used during the Stone Age evolved between 1.4 million and 0.8 million years ago.
Overall, it is clear that Tool B is sharper and more regularly shaped than the earlier Tool A. Over a period of 0.6 million years, the cutting tool also increased in size and effectiveness .
The front view shows that the edges of Tool A are rough, revealing its more earlier stage of development. Whereas Tool A is comparatively primitive, therefore, the smooth edges of Tool B are
clearly more effective as a cutting instrument.
One of the main differences between the tools is shown in the side view diagram. While Tool A is irregular, in contrast Tool B has a regular, flattened shape. The sharp edge of Tool B is designed for cutting objects cleanly and easily. Finally, the back view shows most clearly that Tool A is not only rougher, but is also smaller than Tool B.
- Paraphrase paragraph: picture>diagram; shows>illustrates; how a hot air balloon works>the working of a hot air balloon
- Overall/summary paragraph: (1) the envelope is the largest part (2) propane is used to make the hot air
- Paragraph 3: report on the parts below the envelope, including the burner to produce the hot air
- Paragraph 4: report on the parts of the envelope
The diagram illustrates the working of a hot air balloon.
Overall, it is clear that the envelope is the largest part of the total area. In addition, the diagram indicates that propane is the fuel that is used to produce the hot air.
At the base of the hot air balloon, a propane cylinder is located in the basket. The propane then mixes with air in the burner, producing a flame to heat the air. Next, the hot air rises inside the envelope, causing the balloon to rise from the ground, because the hot air is lighter than the cool air in the surrounding atmosphere. Ropes are shown securing the basket section to the skirt of the envelope.
In addition to the skirt at the base of the envelope, gores and panels also form part of the envelope section. A parachute valve at the top of the envelope is a self-sealing flap. This allows the pilot of the balloon to control the rate at which the hot air can escape.
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