Chào các bạn, hôm nay IELTS THƯ ĐẶNG gửi đến các bạn đáp án band 8.5, 7 đề Writing khó nhất trong suốt 4 năm 2015- 2016 -2017 -2018 tổng hợp từ các nguồn khác nhau trên mạng, để các bạn tham khảo. Những đề này hoàn toàn có thể ra lại trong các đợt thi của năm 2019 nên rất hữu ích cho các bạn.


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  1. Some people think that it is best to live in a vertical city (mean that people work and live in high buildings) while others think a horizontal city is better. Discuss both view and give your opinion.

Bài mẫu band 8.5

       Some people believe that living in a horizontal city is the best, while the opponents of this idea prefer to settle in a vertical city. While there are benefits to residents who dwell in a city which consists of low-rise construction, I would argue that cities with skyscrapers and high-rise buildings offer more advantages. On the one hand, it is beneficial for residents to live in a horizontal city based on a few financial and security reasons. Firstly, people have to pay less for building services. If residents settle in a private house, they may save a great deal of money since they won’t have to pay for building services. Secondly, living lower to the ground is safer for inhabitants when emergencies occur. For example, if a fire starts in the home, they can quickly escape from the dangerous areas because the building is not too high off the ground and it won’t take much time to leave. On the other hand, it seems to me that living in a vertical city is the best choice. A city with skyscrapers will have more space for public usage because there will be less land used for residential areas due to the amount of people who can live in high buildings. As a result, the government would be able to use this land to build hospitals, schools or places for entertainment. Furthermore, it is much more convenient for residents to live in an apartment in a tall building which offers a wide range of goods and services, thanks to shopping malls and service centers on lower floors. In conclusion, while living in a horizontal city does have some benefits, it seems to me that the advantages of life in a city with skyscrapers makes living in a vertical city the better choice.

Low-rise construction: Toà nhà thấp tầng

High-rise building: Toà nhà cao tầng

Emergencies: Sự khẩn cấp/ Tình huống khẩn cấp

Residential areas: Khu định cư


  1. Advertising discourages people from being different individuals by making us want to be and to look the same. To what extent do you agree or disagree?


Bài mẫu band 8.5

     Obviously, we are living in an advertising-ubiquitous world, from newspaper advertorials to large outdoor banners, from 5-inch screens to TV full screens in the supermarkets and on the streets. Therefore, these is a mounting concern that personal identity would be ruined when a host of people try to catch the latest trend without wondering whether this style fits them or not . In my opinion, this concern is not quite groundless. Today’s marketers are indeed too wise. By launching such marketing campaigns as celebrity endorsement or crazy sales, , they can make consumers run out of cash in just a short while. Buyers might be also afraid that if they do not get the latest trends, they would go out of style. However, many are unaware that their individuality might be lost when they rush out to grab the newly-produced items. The case of iPhone 6 is an example. On the release date, thousands of people over the world waited in very long lines outside Apple branches to buy it or to show that they were tech-savvy. This, as a result, affects each person’s identity because there are too many purchasers using the same products. Nevertheless, “Difference” is the decisive factor for the survival of well-known brands. Advertising makes buyers look the same, but it itself also makes them different. The typical evidence is that beside mainstream products , many brands release special limited editions merely for a specific group of consumers. A limited edition is restricted in the number of copies produced, although in fact the number may be very low or very high. Accordingly, brands can make consumers outstanding with their particular products. In conclusion, advertisers can either highlight your unique features or ruin them. Each purchaser, therefore, should be wise to make the right choices before the temptation of advertisement.

Advertising-ubiquitous world: Thời đại ngập tràn thông tin quảng cáo

Catch the latest trend: Nắm bắt những xu hướng mới nhất

 Celebrity endorsement: Sự tham gia của người nổi tiếng để quảng cáo Individuality: Tính cá nhân

Special limited editions: Những sản phẩm phiên bản hạn chế , hướng đến một nhóm đối tượng khách hàng nhất định, chủ yếu là nhóm khách hàng cao cấp Highlight your unique features: Làm nổi bật cá tính


  1. In some parts of the world it is increasingly popular to research the history of one’s own family. Why do people want to do this? Is it a positive or negative development?

Bài mẫu band 8.5

      People nowadays are becoming increasingly keen to learn about their family history. There are some compelling reasons for this; and I strongly feel that this is a positive development. Most people do research on their family history to find out whether their ancestors had the similar personality traits and to have deeper understanding about their roots and heritages. Or some others study their family historical background for less significant reasons, one of which is curiosity. For example, my uncle used to spend a great deal of time and effort tracing my family tree back to the 18th century just out of curiosity. Also, I think news media have a major part to play in this trend. There are a lot of news articles and advertisements that encourage genealogy and convince people that it is necessary to know about their ancestry. In my view, this is a good way to teach children about history and how their ancestors lived, which is linked in part to family traditions. And it is even more important for children to carry on such valuable and unique traditions, given that this fast changing world is somehow making young generations ignore the spiritual legacy that their ancestors left. On top of that, family history can be a fascinating discussion topic whenever there is a family meeting. How my grandparents struggled to bring up their offspring during the Vietnam War, for example, has become my father’s favorite subject when all my relatives gather for a traditional holiday feast. In conclusion, people like to study their family history for a variety of reasons as I have discussed in my essay, and personally I consider this a positive modern trend.

Similar personality traits: Nét tính cách tương đồng To have deeper understanding about one’s roots and heritages: Hiểu rõ hơn về cội nguồn cũng như di sản Family historical background: Hoàn cảnh lịch sử của gia đình To trace one’s family tree: Tìm lại gia phả Genealogy: Nghiên cứu lịch sự gia đình Ancestry: Tổ tiên Family traditions: Truyền thống gia đình To carry on valuable and unique family traditions: Tiếp tục những truyền thống độc đáo và quý báu The spiritual legacy: Di sản tinh thần A traditional holiday feast: Tiệc ngày lễ truyền thống


  1. Some people are born to be leaders; others believe leadership can be learnt. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Bài mẫu band 8.5

      A leader is the demand of every nation, community, group or society. He is the only one to be relied on in the hour of need for guidance, action plan and brilliant strategies. At this point, it is often discussed whether leaders are born with leadership qualities or they are carved out. Personally, I do believe that every individual is born with certain unique characteristics, but it requires exposure, learning and experience of life to become a good leader. It is understandable that leaders are endowed with certain traits and qualities that make them better fit to leadership. To be more specific, these individuals possess certain inborn virtues, such as extroversion amongst group members, bravery to challenges, conscientiousness (i.e. target-oriented, reliable), emotional stability or business acumen, which all contributes to the foundation of leadership. A leader is naturally better in these areas while others struggle to get to the same point. For instance, many commanders who fought bravely throughout many wars come from the same families, with the next generations being skilled and talented as well. This partly explains the role of genetics in forming the personality of a person. Those who advocate “leaders are nurtured” also have their reasons since individuals can become leaders in a structured environment through the process of learning, mentoring, and observation. This means that skills associated with leadership can be attained by training, practice and experience over time. The doctrine is quite manifest in the military as leaders often undergo training programmes and have direct contact in various battlefields. In addition, with the comprehensive education system in modern time, it is increasingly easier for most of us to learn how to become a leader. Right from primary school, children are taught to lead a group discussion or act as an arbitrator in a debate. This plays a role in forming leadership capacity in every individual. In conclusion, both viewpoints have their own merits. While few are fortunately bestowed with leadership qualities right when they were born, leadership can also be an art. It is a set of inherent dispositions that is perfected over time with education, practice and experience for most people. Leadership quality : Phẩm chất lãnh đạo To be endowed with : Được ban cho Extroversion: Sự hướng ngoại Inborn virtues: Năng khiếu/ tố chất bẩm sinh Business acumen: Sự nhạy bén trong kinh doanh Manifest: rõ ràng, hiển nhiên Undergo trainning programmes: Trải qua những chương trình đào tạo


  1. Some people believe government should spend money on building train and subway lines to reduce traffic congestion. Others think that building more and wider roads is the better way to reduce traffic congestion. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

 Bài mẫu band 8.5

      How to reduce the high volume of traffic demands a full engagement of authorities. Therefore, there is a widely held view among a number of people that governmental bodies should pour money in building such public transport systems as train and subway lines. Others, however, argue that road expansion is the more proper way. From my standpoint, though widening streets benefits us, this can not help us build way out of congestion in the long run. It is not by chance that developing public vehicles is considered one of the common approaches to curb traffic jam. To day, people have indeed used too many private vehicles whose demerits can be listed. The long queues of cars at peak hours are a case in point, which may lead to lengthy delays. This can simultaneously cause other dire consequences such as traffic accidents. Accordingly, it is widely believed that building underground tunnels can solve heavy traffic jams due to unoccupied spaces beneath the ground However, according to others, road extension is a better alternative because in comparison with building subway lines, this solution does not demand more efforts . Also, extending road does not seem as costly as developing underground transport systems. Another reason for this is that bigger roads will create more spaces for vehicle owners, helping them to circulate easily during peak hours. By doing so, traffic congestion can be alleviated. In my opinion, road expansion is not a long-term measure because people tend to drive their vehicles regularly on newly widened streets. To put it another way, traffic jams might continue to occur. Therefore, government should take other solutions into consideration for safer transportation.

 Demand a full engagement : Đòi hỏi sự toàn tâm, toàn lực

 Build our ways out of congestion: Đường thông hè thoáng , không bị tắc nghẽn     Curb traffic jams: Giảm tắc nghẽn giao thông

The long queue of cars at peak hours: Những đoàn xe nối dài vào giờ cao điểm Underground tunnels: Hệ thống tàu điện ngầm

Unoccupied spaces beneath the ground: Những khoảng không gian chưa bị chiếm đóng bên dưới lòng đất

Road extension : Sự mở rộng đường sá

Newly widened streets: Những con đường mới được nới rộng


  1.  Some people think that famous people can help international aid organizations to draw attention to important problems. Others believe that the celebrities can make the problems seem less important. Discuss both views and give your opinion

Bài mẫu band 9.0

     There has been much debate regarding the role of famous people in raising public awareness of major issues. While celebrities can attract people’s attention to the problems, I would argue that they are likely to make the problems become less crucial. To begin with, well-known people can assist international aid organizations in raising people’s awareness of social issues. Firstly, celebrities can communicate information about big problems to a large audience around the world. For example, by taking part in the Ice Bucket Challenge in 2014, various celebrities such as Bill Gates or Mark Zuckerberg have helped the ALS Organisation to let millions of people know about a disease called ALS. Secondly, since people tend to listen to the ones they admire, famous people are much more likely to be able to ask their fans to take appropriate actions. For instance, a well-known football player can ask people to donate money to help homeless individuals. However, I believe famous people might make the problems become less important. The first reason is that individuals tend to only pay attention to what celebrities do and say rather than what messages they want to convey. In the aforementioned example about the Ice Bucket Challenge, many people watched the videos of celebrities taking up the challenge without actually learning anything about the ALS disease. This makes little contribution to solving the problem compared to the large number of famous people involved. Furthermore, in order to attract viewers, well known people usually try to deliver their messages in a funny and entertaining way, which might lead to the problems becoming less serious. In conclusion, while celebrities can contribute greatly to tackling social problems, I believe they are more likely to make these problems seem less important.


Assist international aid organizations: Hỗ trợ tổ chức từ thiện quốc tế Donate money to help homeless individuals : Quyên tiền giúp đỡ người vô gia cư Convey: Truyền tải Deliver messages: Phân phát thông điệp


  1.  Scientists predict in the near future cars will be driven by computers, not people. Why? Do you think it is a positive or negative development?

 Bài mẫu band 8.5

      In recent years, significant breakthroughs in the field of information technology have brought about radical changes to our lifestyle. Experts have also raised speculations about the domination of automatic cars in the near future. A plethora of reasons are given to support this idea, for which I personally assume as a drawback to our advancement. There are two main reasons for such prediction. First and foremost, the idea of self-operating vehicles has always been one of the primary concerns of researchers since the birth of artificial intelligence. Plus, scientists have already achieved considerable progresses in making that dream a reality, which can be observed in manufacturing industries where human labor is getting continual replacement by machines. Secondly, with computer systems involving in the operation process, passengers are less likely to suffer from accident due to human errors, thus lessen the road casualties. These two and many other reasons ultimately adhere to people’s belief about this imminent shift. Having said that, I do not find this idea a welcoming one. As I perceive it, we are now on the verge of losing all the necessary skills that we acquired due to our overdependence and addiction to hightech equipment. This change in cars could even worsen our abilities to foresee the upcoming situations and take full control of the cars in case the computers go malfunction. Also, this transformation once completed may exert a severe impact on transportation services like the public transit or taxi, with thousands of drivers could go unemployed. To recapitulate, there are a great many elements to support that the evolution of four-wheeled vehicles is not far-fetched at all. However, I believe there are still unknown effects of this dream to our lives apart from my abovementioned points. This issue really needs further research before we can execute it.


Significant breakthroughs: Bước đột phá quan trọng

Radical changes: Những thay đổi triệt để

Achieved considerable progresses: Đạt những bước tiến đáng kể Road Casualties: Tai nạn giao thong

Go manufaction: Hoạt động sai cách / không đúng với chức năng

Far-fetched: gượng gạo / thiếu tự nhiên /cường điệu


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