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You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The charts below show the changes in ownership of electrical appliances and amount of time spent doing housework in households in one country between 1920 and 2019.


Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.


Write at least 150 words.




Sample No 1


The charts below show the changes in ownership of electrical appliances and amount of time spent doing housework in households in one country between 1920 and 2019.  The graphs illustrate the proportion of state of the art device’s usage such as, washing machine,  refrigerator and vacuum cleaner, among households as well as the amount of time spending on using  them in one particular country during one century. 


Overall, the usage of all electrical appliances has increased during the period mentioned. However, the  amount of time spent on cleaning up their homes every week has significantly declined during this  period. 


It ts evident that despite the fact that using the refrigerator was not common among households during  the first time of survey, by the following years, it had been increased dramatically, until reached its peak  at 100%, by 1980, after that remained in the same percentage by the rest of years. However, although  the ratio of washing machine consumption was higher than the vacuum cleaner, about 10% higher, in  1920, after experiencing the same amount of usage in 1960, about 70%, the vacuum usage was  surpassed, rising a full 100 percent, by 2000, the same level of washing machine percentage. 


According to time- served on doing household chores, half of hours were consumed in the biginning  year, however, it saw an increasingly drop until 40 years later, reaching to one fifth of time, then  fluctuated approximately steadily at the rest of period.


Words: 241                                                                                                


Sample No 2


The  charts  below  show  the  changes  in  ownership  of  electrical  appliances  and  amount  of  time  spent doing housework in households in one country between 1920 and 2019. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.


Given are two line graphs depicting the proportions of families of the same nationality possessing three  sorts of electrical apparatus, as well as the time devoted by these families, in hours per week (h/w), to household chores done by these appliances from 1920 to 2019.


What is conspicuous at a glance is that, despite a negligible decrease for washing machines, the number  of families equipped with home appliances has increased throughout the span, which inversely matches  with the length of time spent on carrying out tasks pertained to these devices. Regarding washing machine, the most prevalent device in 1920, the percentages of households  employed it, having stood at 40 percent, rose moderately to just over 70 percent in 2019, with a  significant climb by 1960 and a slight dip in 1980. Turning to vacuum cleaner users, however, the  general trend was upwards; starting from 30 percent, exceeding that of washing machines in 1960,  before hitting a peak at 100 percent in 2000 when it leveled off towards the end of the period.  Similarly, refrigerator owners soared, with an abrupt rise from just over zero to 100 percent in 1980, when it remained stable from then onwards, while surpassing that of two other devices during less than  a decade around 1940. 

Conversely, the country experienced a descending pattern in the number of hours spent on doing  household works by these appliances on a weekly basis, with time declining sharply from 50h/w in  1920 to 20 h/w in 1960, followed by a steady drop to be halved.


Words: 297


Sample No 3


The first line chart compares the proportion of houses equipped with three electrical devices (washing machine, refrigerator, and vacuum cleaner) and the next one illustrates the weekly hours of utilizing  them to do household activities, every twenty years between 1920 and 2019.


Overall, it can be seen that although the percentage of homes in which these three household  electronics were adopted has experienced a considerable increase, there was a significant decrease in the number of hours using them doing housework over the provided period.


Among the given appliances, washing machine with a slight fluctuation between 1960 and 1980, had the  least amount of increase, about 30% from 40% to 70%, rather than two other. In 1920, no households  used refrigerator, while vacuum cleaner was found in approximately 40% homes. With a sharp growth in taking both, refrigerator became a necessary tool used by all people in 1980, compared to vacuum  cleaner that reach the same situation of refrigerator in 2000.


With regards to the number of weekly hours of using mentioned tools to wash cloths, prepare meal, or clean the house, this figure witnessed a noticeable decline during the time interval. It decrease sharply  from 50% in 1920 to about 20% in 1960. Over the rest of the period from 1960 to 2019, there was only  around 10% reduction in hours.

Words: 221


Sample No 4


While the first diagram illustrates how proportion are households with electrical appliances, namely  washing machine, refrigerator and vacuum cleaner, changed, the second one shown is that the number  of hours of housework, namely washing clothes, preparing meals and cleaning, during a week spent in  households in a country between 1920 and 2019


Overall, although washing machine ranked first initially, it was over than by refrigerator and vacuum  cleaner towards the end and the one letter ranked first during most of this period and the second letter saw a dramatic increase and peaked as high as the refrigerator. The number of housework hours peaked at the first time and experienced a slight decrease despite an initial rapid decline.


While the figure for washing machine ranked first at the first time in 1920 (40%), that of vacuum cleaner stood second by 10%. Both appliances saw a moderate increase in 1940 by 20% and reached 60% and 50%, respectively. After some fluctuation from 1960 until 1980, washing machine increased slightly at  about 72c/o in 2019. However, the vacuum cleaner rose rapidly until 1980 at 90% and leveled off and  picked (100c/o).


The figure for refrigerator experienced a dramatic increase until 1960 (90%), despite it had the lowest  proportion of household at first, and that of rose moderately and level off in 1980 at 100%.


While the number of hours per week stood first in 1920 at 50 hours, during 40 years that of housework declined significantly, and reached 20hr in 1960. The figure for hours of housework dropped slightly in  1980 about 15% and maintained this level in 2019 despite a slight decrease.


Words: 270


Sample No 5


The  line  charts  illustrate  the  percentage  of  households  which  had  three  kinds  of  appliances  and  the number of hours of housework in every household in one country during a period of 99 years.

Overall,  the  percentages  of  washing  machines, refrigerators,  and  vacuum  cleaners  used  by  households  increased  over  the  given  period.  However,  the  figure for  hours  of  housework  saw  a  decline during  the same  period.  In  addition,  from  2000  onwards,  the  figure  for  the  refrigerator  was  equal  to  that  of  the  vacuum cleaner.

In  1920,  the  percentage  of  households  that  owned  vacuum  cleaners  stood  at  30%,  while  that  of  refrigerators  was  lower  at  around  2%.  From  this  year  to  2019,  the  figures  for  vacuum  cleaners  and  refrigerators grew rapidly by 70% and about 98%, respectively. Between 1920 and 1960, the proportion of washing machines rose from 40% to 70%, after which it fluctuated around 70% over the next 40 years. In the subsequent years, it experienced an increase of approximately 5%.


According to the second chart, the largest number of hours of the housework was spent in 1920, at 50.


From 1920  to  1980, there was a significant fall of roughly 35 in the figure for hours of housework, and over  the  next  20  years,  it  remained  constant  at  15  hours.  However,  in  2019,  the  figure  for  hours  of  housework declined to nearly 10.


Words: 224


Sample No 6


A  glance  at  the  provide  provided  graphs  illustrates  the  quantity  of  electrical  appliances including washing machine, refrigerator, and vacuum cleaner were benefited by households by  percentage  and  even  the  time  they  spent  per  week  to  do their  house  chores  in  the  period  of  ninety  years  from  1920  to  2019.  Apparently,  the  use of electrical equipment  experienced  exponential growth among housewives, and also the majority of them budget negligible time for house works in comparison with the past. 


Considering  washing  machine  and  vacuum  cleaner,  40%  and  30%  of  households  used mentioned equipment in 1920 respectively  whilst refrigerator allocated 0% to itself and it seem it was unfamiliar with housewives. In the next 20 years, refrigerator reached exponential  growth among households since then it swelled to 55%. Simultaneously, the washing machine  and vacuum cleaner followed similar patterns and rocketed to 40% and 60% respectively. Both  refrigerator and vacuum cleaner rose dramatically to a pick of 100% in 1980 and 2000 in order. Otherwise,  washing  machine  lost  its  reputation  among  households  since  its  experienced  fluctuation between 1940 and 1989 then reached approximately 60% in 1980. In the following  years  until  2019,  although  refrigerator  and  vacuum  cleaner  maintained  the  value  of  100%,  washing machine climbed slightly from 60% in 1980 to in the vicinity of 70% in 2019. Regarding  the  hours  that  each  housewife  budgeted  for  doing  the  house  chores,  it  should  be  considered  that  by  increasing  the  use  of  electrical  appliances  between  1920  to  1960,  the  majority of people spent fewer hours per week precisely, doing house works shrunk from 50% in 1920 to 20% in the 60 following years. Moreover, the hours were budgeted for house chores dropped to 10% in 2019. 


Based on the illustrated figures, it can be concluded that by raising individual`s dependency to  the  mentioned  electrical  equipment, they spent negligible time to carry out their  tasks  and  consequently these applicable equipment shoulders their responsibilities more efficiently. 


Words: 318



Sample No 7


The given line graphs provide information on the percentage of households that owned three types of electrical appliances in a particular country from1920 to 2019, and the number of hours per week these families spent on housework is illustrated over the same period.


In general, there had been an upward trend in the percentage of families who possessed domestic appliances. However, the increase in the ownership of refrigerator was much more significant than that

for washing machine and vacuum cleaner. The trend for the number of time households spent using  these devices was downward during the period.


In 1920, almost no household had a refrigerator, while 30 % and 40% of them owned a vacuum cleaner and a washing machine respectively. By 1960, the number of families with a refrigerator in their house had risen dramatically to 90%, 20% higher than those who had a washing machine or a vacuum cleaner in the same year.


By the end of the period, all households (100%) in the country had possessed refrigerator and vacuum cleaner. In comparison, the ownership of washing machine peaked at just over 70% in 2019 after a slight fall of 10% between 1960 and 1980.


Regarding the number of hours of housework done by one family every week, at the beginning of the  period, 50 hours were spent working with these appliances. This figure decreased to approximately 15% in 1980, when percentages remained stable for 20 years. After that, a slight decline of 5% was witnessed.


Words: 248


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